Indian Faceted Garnet
Garnet in its most vivid red form is the same lustrous red as a pomegranate seed.. The name is derived from the Latin for grain, granum, because garnets are usually small and round in their natural form. Garnet was prized by nobility in the middle ages when it was known as the ‘carbuncle stone’ and appeared in the royal crowns of most European states. Indian Garnet comes from rich mineral deposits in the deserts of Rajasthan in western India and is well-regarded for its attractive deep red colour and lustrous shine. It is a January birthstone.
This semi-precious stone was named by the ancient Greeks for its resemblance to the leaves of the mallow plant. It was used in green pigment for painting until the early nineteenth century and derives its green colour from its high copper-oxide content. It was one of the first stones to be smelted for metal thousands of years ago. Though malachite is found worldwide the biggest producer of high-quality malachite is the Democratic Republic of Congo, formerly Zaire.